Posts Tagged ‘Bacterial infection’
Called sudden appendicitis inflammation or swelling of the appendix. The appendix is a tube-like structure that starts from where the large intestine (colon) begins. It is the size of a pencil and is normally about 7 cm (4 inches).
For many years, scientists were unsure of the function of the appendix in the body. We now know that it helps make immunoglobulins, substances that are part of the immune system. Immunoglobulins are made in many parts of the body. Thus, the removal of the appendix does not seem to result from immune system problems.
Today, appendicitis is rarely fatal, through the use of antibiotics and surgery safely. It affects 1 in 15 people and is more often men than women. It affects very few children often below 3 years and occurs most commonly between 10 and 30 years. Read the rest of this entry »
Acute bronchitis is one of the most common respiratory diseases. The mucous membrane lining the bronchial tubes is inflamed it. Bronchi are the continuation of the trachea. These shares at the lower end into two main bronchi, which lead the inhaled air into the two lungs. There, the bronchi branch out more and finer until they enter the alveoli (air sacs) open.
In young people, the acute bronchitis is usually a strong cough as part of a “normal” cold survived within two weeks. You can, however – particularly in the elderly or in a pre-existing chronic disease – last longer and have serious consequences (see complications). Read the rest of this entry »
The sinuses are cavities in the bones behind the face. One of these cavities is located immediately behind the nose. Large sinuses are located on either side of the nasal cavity. A row of very small sinuses runs behind the nose and two more large sinuses are located above and behind the eyebrows.
Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinuses. It may be related to an infection of viral or bacterial, but it can also be caused by non-infectious inflammation of the sinuses. Sinusitis can be acute and last less than 12 weeks, or chronic, lasting 12 weeks or more. Acute sinusitis is very common, affecting about 10 people each year. Read the rest of this entry »
The word “hepatitis” simply means inflammation of the liver, without pointing to any specific cause. A person with hepatitis may:
Having one or more disorders, including viral or bacterial infection of the liver.
Hepatic lesions caused by a toxin (a kind of poison).
Hepatic lesions caused by the disruption of normal liver blood flow.
Having an autoimmune disorder that affects the liver.
Have suffered abdominal trauma in the liver.
Hepatitis has been caused by one of three viruses:
The hepatitis A virus
The hepatitis B virus
The hepatitis C virus
In rare cases, the Epstein Barr virus (which causes mononucleosis) can also result in hepatitis because it can cause liver inflammation. There are other viruses and bacteria that may cause hepatitis, including hepatitis viruses D and E, the virus vermicelli and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Read the rest of this entry »
WHAT IS IT?
Inflammation of the airways from the trachea, affecting this, bronchi and bronchioles.
It affects both sexes without age group preference.
Infection with one of many respiratory viruses.
Most cases of acute bronchitis starts with a bluetongue virus in nose and throat that extends to the airways.
It often appears a secondary bacterial infection.
You can also occur by breathing air containing irritants such as chemical fumes (ammonia), acid fumes, dust or smoke.
Cough, at first, does not produce mucus.
Slight fever (usually no more than 37.5 º).
Slight burning pain in chest or feeling of pressure in the sternum.
Wheezing (whistling), respiratory complaints (sometimes).
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Cold and wet weather.
Recent illness that has lowered resistance.
Avoid contact with people who have acute bronchitis.
HMOs Avoid exposure to irritating or toxic vapors.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
History and physical examination by a physician.
Blood tests to detect other infections and cultures of blood, mucus and to identify the causal agent.
Chest X-Ray (only if there are complications).
If a smoker, smoke for the illness.
The snuff delays healing and contributes to complications.
Increase the humidity.
Shower regularly with hot water.
Have a fresh water spray near the bed.
With minor discomfort, you can use:
Acetaminophen to reduce fever.
Counter medications for cough, only when the cough is not productive (without sputum).
Completely stop cough can be dangerous stall excess mucus and irritants to the bronchial tubes, which could produce a reduction in pneumonia and oxygen exchange in the lungs.
Your doctor may prescribe:
Antibiotics to fight bacterial infections.
Expectorant to ease mucus and it to be easily removed by coughing.
Rest in bed until the fever goes down.
Then gradually return to normal activities.
No special diet.
Drink at least 8-10 glasses of fluid a day to promote mucus and cough poderlas eliminate comfortably.
Tell your doctor if following occurs during illness:
High fever and chills.
Thick sputum or blood-stained.
Shortness of breath even at rest.
Pulmonary bacterial infection (various types of pneumonia).
Chronic bronchitis due to repeated episodes of acute bronchitis.
It can be cured in 1 week with treatment.
Cases with complications usually clears up in two weeks with medication.