Skin disease caused by a mite called Sarcoptes scabiei.
Worldwide disease that affects all groups equally regardless of their social status, sex, age.
The location of lesions caused by this parasite varies depending upon the host:
In men, lesions predominate in the hands near the folds between the fingers, wrists and elbows, the front of the armpits, waist, thighs and external genitalia.
Predominantly affects women in the nipples, abdomen and the lower portion of the buttocks.
In young children affects the head, neck, palms and soles of the feet.
In adults usually do not have lesions below the knees (unless the guest has problems with low immunity)
The most important symptom is pruritus (itching), especially at night. Other signs:
Thin stripes in pencil on the skin.
Wear on the skin due to scratches and scrapes.
Mode of transmission
Direct contact with infected skin. The spread by clothing or utensils is rare but possible.
Secondary infection from scratching.
Permethrin cream 5 per cent from head to feet before bedtime, leave overnight and make a deep bath in the morning. Dermatologists recommend that you apply the cream when the skin is cool and dry, covering the entire body (including palms, soles of the feet, groin, under the nails and scalp in young children) and to stop applied for 8 to 14 hours.
Retreatment is recommended after five and ten days after the first treatment.
The only side effect so far has produced the cream of permethrin 5 percent is a slight burning and itching, especially in severe cases of scabies. All injuries should heal within a period of four weeks after treatment. If the patient continues to have problems, it may have been reinfected and required to be examined and treated by a dermatologist again.
Other treatment options are: sulfur ointment and cream also Crotamiton 10% benzyl benzoate emulsion applied in the whole body except head and neck.
As a complement to local treatment agents may be prescribed antihistamines to relieve itching caused by two weeks.
Itching may persist for a week or two after treatment and during that time should not be regarded as a sign of treatment failure or a reinfection.
Disinfection measures: washing underwear, clothing and bedding in boiling water.
Lindane, Toxic Treatment Lice and Scabies.