Archive for the ‘spondylitis’ Category
The spondylitis , also known as ankylosing, or ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory joint disease that mainly affects certain joints, including those of the spinal lumbar and sacroiliac joints of the pelvis – Region buttocks . This arthritis is often associated with a genetic susceptibility factor.
Far from being a rare disease, spondylitis affects about 0.5% of the population. There are several forms. This little rheumatism be severe and disabling, and is part of the list of 30 diseases supported 100% by the health insurance .
This spondylitis is sometimes associated with psoriasis , or a digestive disease inflammatory. Read the rest of this entry »
Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing or (AD) is a rheumatic disease that causes inflammation of the joints of the spine and sacroiliac joints. It may manifest as isolated episodes of low back pain, or, in its most severe, affecting the entire spine and peripheral joints, causing pain in the spine and joints, vertebral stiffness, loss of mobility and progressive joint deformity. It may sometimes be accompanied by extra-articular manifestations, such as inflammation of the eyes or the heart valves.
The EA belongs to a group of diseases that affect the spine, called spondyloarthropathies. In this group, in addition to the EA include Reiter’s syndrome, some forms of psoriatic arthropathy and arthropathy associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Read the rest of this entry »
It is a disorder caused by abnormal wear of the cartilage and bones of the neck (cervical vertebrae) with degeneration and mineral deposits in the cushions between the vertebrae (cervical disks).
Cervical osteoarthritis, neck arthritis, cervical arthritis
Causes and Risk Factors
The cervical spondylosis is degeneration of chronic cervical spine including the cushions between the neck vertebrae (cervical disks) and joints between the bones of the cervical spine. May be abnormal growths or “spurs” on the vertebrae (spinal bones).
These accumulated changes caused by degeneration can gradually cause compression of one or more nerve roots, which can cause progressive pain in the neck and arm, weakness and changes in sensation. In advanced cases, involvement of the spinal cord, which can affect not only arms but the legs.
A neck injury prior (which may have occurred many years earlier) can predispose to spondylosis but the most important risk factor is aging. At 60 years, 70% of women and 85% of men show changes indicative of cervical spondylosis on radiographs. Read the rest of this entry »
The cervical disc herniation is a protrusion of the intervertebral disc compressing the nerve root directly to one of the upper limbs and, possibly, the spinal cord. In the figure below is indicated by an arrow.
It may be “soft” or “hard” depending on the consistency.
It typically manifests with pain and weakness of the upper limb, the “cervicobrachialgia” represented in the figure, but often becomes symptomatic even misleading for the physician. In fact, when the compression on the spinal cord is significant, is also compromised the motility and sensitivity of the lower limbs.
It speaks of cervical spondylosis in the presence of a marked change in the cervical vertebrae and discs with a pain extended roots and spinal cord. Read the rest of this entry »
EA Ankylosing spondylitis is a rheumatic inflammatory process, chronic course,
Affecting mainly located in the wing joints and spine
That binds the column to the pelvis (sacroiliac). August over one third of the patients
Suffer inflammation of other joints (small joints of the foot, ankle,
Knees, hips, etc…) Usually in the lower extremities.
Inflammation in AD involves:
- The areas where tendons and ligaments insert into bone.
- The joints through which the vertebrae are joined together.
- The column with the ilia of the pelvis.
Fascias, membranes surrounding muscle groups, are also a target of the inflammatory process, especially those located in the soles and between the ribs. At the points where ligaments, tendons and fascias are fixed in the bone (enthesis) produces inflammation partial bone destruction is followed by the formation of new bone (bone reagent) that often exceed normal limits and moving forward on its own ligaments , tendons and fascia. In turn, in these, the inflammatory process is followed by the formation of fibrous tissue harder and less flexible. In the column, the reactive bone tends to attach to the vertebrae together and produce ankylosis (fixation or immobilization.) Read the rest of this entry »