Archive for the ‘Orthopedic’ Category
WHAT IS A TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY?
Prosthetic replacement of joints has been one of the greatest advances made by the orthopedic surgery in this century. The joint efforts of engineers and orthopedic surgeons has enabled the development of materials and techniques to make this possible. Prosthetic replacement is to replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint called a prosthesis.
WHAT IS A JOINT?
A joint is a special structure of the human body where two bones end and gear which allows movement. For example, the leg bone called the tibia and femur of the thigh called together to form the knee. The final part of a joint bone is covered with a shiny smooth material called cartilage. This material absorbs the forces acting on the underlying bone and allows the joint to move easily and without pain. The joint is enclosed in a capsule coated inside for a smooth tissue called synovium. The synovium produces a lubricant, synovial fluid, which reduces friction and wear of the joint. There are also several ligaments that stabilize the joint. Crossing the joints there are muscles and tendons as well as increasing its stability favor the motion. Read the rest of this entry »
Surgery during the Locomotive, includes the study of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, including the spine, pelvis and all four extremities. It is also known as Course of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology.
ORTHOPEDICS name was created in 1741 by Nicholas Andry, and comes from two Greek words: “orthos” meaning straight and “paidus” meaning child. Obviously now this old concept has been expanded, and can say that as a medical specialty, the study includes the research, preservation, restoration and development of form and function of the musculoskeletal system at any age, through medical methods surgical and physical. Is symbolized by a twisted tree trunk tied to a stake to try to straighten, also created by Andry. Read the rest of this entry »