Archive for the ‘Liver’ Category
Cirrhosis has many causes. NIDDK says that in the United States, the most common causes are alcoholism and hepatitis C.
Alcoholic liver disease – For many people, cirrhosis of the liver is synonymous with chronic alcoholism, but in fact, alcoholism is only one cause. Alcoholic cirrhosis usually develops after more than a decade of heavy drinking. The amount of alcohol that can injure the liver varies greatly from person to person. In women, only two or three drinks per day have been associated with liver damage, and in men, only three to four drinks per day. Alcohol seems to injure the liver by blocking the normal metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Read the rest of this entry »
Liver sclerosis occurs when scar tissue and regenerative nodules form in the liver and begin replacing tissues. Due to this formation of scar tissue, liver losses its capacity to produce proteins that regulate blood clotting control, and combat infection, blood filter by removing bacteria and toxins, digesting food, energy storage, and bile produce absorbs fats including cholesterol and fat-soluble vitamins. If you are affected by this disease, healthy liver tissue is slowly and steadily replaced by scar tissue that greatly affects the functioning of the body. Read the rest of this entry »
What is a liver transplant?
Liver transplantation in its most common form, involves surgery to replace the damaged liver of a person for an organ from a donor. The donor may be someone who is deceased or living donor. Most transplants performed in adults are now deceased donors.
Who needs a liver transplant?
People having a major failure requiring liver function transplantation. This failure can be acute, which develops within days or weeks, or chronic, which is the most common form and is caused mainly liver cirrhosis. There are other causes of liver transplantation and hepatocellular carcinoma ( liver cancer ) or certain metabolic diseases. The main causes of liver transplantation in adults in Chile are the chronic hepatitis C , the primary biliary cirrhosis , the alcoholic liver disease and autoimmune hepatitis . Read the rest of this entry »
Hepatitis E is an infection of the liver caused by viruses HEV (Hepatitis E Virus).
This form of hepatitis is fortunately rare in Italy, like in other industrialized countries, while it is often present as an epidemic in the developing regions, where overcrowding and poor hygienic conditions provide fertile ground for its dissemination.
The highest incidence rate for hepatitis E was found among people aged between 15 and 40 years. The severity of the disease tends to increase with patient age.
The infection is transmitted through the consumption of water and food contaminated by feces of people or animals infected with hepatitis E.
- The transmission from person to person occurs less frequently than the virus’ hepatitis A .
- Most outbreaks in developing countries has been associated with contamination of drinking water.
Hepatitis E is more severe among pregnant women, especially during the third quarter, an increase in mortality rate ranging from 1-3% to 10-20%. Read the rest of this entry »
The well-known in the vernacular as a symptom of jaundice is also known by the medical jaundice. It describes the yellowish discoloration of skin, mucous membranes and eyes. Jaundice is accompanied by strong itching , and nausea and vomiting of greenish-yellow stomach contents.
Not infrequently, the jaundice will usually rechtseitigem of abdominal pain and acid regurgitation accompanied. In addition, fever and general malaise, diarrhea or stool discoloration occur. In the worst case can lead to confusion and personality changes of patients. Jaundice requires immediate medical treatment. Read the rest of this entry »